• Marcos Dieste Department of Management and Engineering (DTG) University of Padova
  • Arcione Ferreira Viagi Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Taubaté
  • Roberto Panizzolo Department of Management and Engineering (DTG) University of Padova
  • Reinaldo Fagundes dos Santos Department of Management Engineering UNESP
  • Fernando Augusto Silva Marins Department of Management Engineering UNESP



Reverse Logistics, Recycling, Framework, Model, WEEE, Brazil


In 2010, the legislation regarding the Brazilian Policy of Solid Waste (BPSW) was introduced in Brazil. It is the legal framework for solid waste management that differentiates what is recyclable and from what is not. The BPSW features innovations such as Reverse Logistics (RL) which determines that manufacturers, importers, distributors and retailers must perform the collection of used packaging and products like batteries, light bulbs, electronics, etc. The aim of this paper is to propose a framework that helps indicating which would be, among the National Collective and Clearing House models used in European countries, the most suitable scheme for reverse logistics of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) according to the Brazilian reality. For this purpose, the paper analyses the existing literature and various relevant practices used in Europe. Moreover, data regarding the Brazilian environmental legislation and the characteristics of each state were used to evaluate the possible use of the European reverse logistics models. The framework helps to define the Brazilian case in three stages and suggests that the most suitable model for Brazil is the National Collective. This decision is urgent since it has been proposed that many European countries should also implement this model instead of the currently employed. Finally, a structured framework is proposed, facilitating the decision-making process to be carried out by various stakeholders such as the Brazilian Federal Government, municipal authorities, industries, recyclers and service providers. In this way, the WEEE management and logistics organization would be easier in the Brazilian territory.


L. H. Xavier, J. R. Carbajosa, P. Guarnieri, and G. M. Duarte, “Sistemade logística reversa de equipamentos eletroeletrônicos: breve análise dagestão no Brasil e na Espanha,” in Forum Internacional de Resíduos Sólidos-Anais, 2013.

L. T. Sant’Anna, R. T. M. Machado, and M. J. de Brito, “A logística reversa de resíduos eletroeletrônicos no Brasil e no mundo: o desafio dadesarticulação dos atores,” Sustentabilidade em Debate, vol. 6, no. 2, pp.88-105, 2015.

N. Caiado, P. Guarnieri, L. H. Xavier, and G. d. L. D. Chaves, “A characterization of the Brazilian market of reverse logistic credits (RLC)and an analogy with the existing carbon credit market,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 118, pp. 47-59, 2017.

O. Siena, “Método para avaliar desenvolvimento sustentável: técnicas para escolha e ponderação de aspectos e dimensões,” Production, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 359-374, 2008.

T. R. Morgan, M. Tokman, R. G. Richey, and C. Defee, “Resource commitment and sustainability: a reverse logistics performance process model,” International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 164-182, 2018.

S. Brümmer, “Nova Legislação sobre Resíduos Sólidos,” ed, 2014. Available: brasileira-preve-fim-dos-lixoes/ Access: 17 jul. 2014.

W. D. C. Hilsdorf, R. G. Rotondaro, and S. R. I. Pires, “Integração de processos na cadeia de suprimentos e desempenho do serviço ao cliente:um estudo na indústria calçadista de Franca,” Gestão & Produção, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 232-244, 2009. S. Agrawal, R. K. Singh, and Q. Murtaza, “A literature review and perspectives in reverse logistics,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 97, pp. 76-92, 2015. K. Govindan, H. Soleimani, and D. Kannan, “Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain: A comprehensive review to explore the future,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 240, no. 3, pp. 603-626, 2015.

K. Govindan and H. Soleimani, “A review of reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chains: a Journal of Cleaner Production focus,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 142, pp. 371-384, 2017.

Y. C. Huang, C. H. Huang, and M. L. Yang, “Drivers of green supply chain initiatives and performance: Evidence from the electrical and electronics industries in Taiwan,” International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 796-819, 2017.

R. F. dos Santos and F. A. S. Marins, “Integrated model for reverse logistics management of electronic products and components,” ProcediaComputer Science, vol. 55, pp. 575-585, 2015.

P. C. Fulgencio, “Glossário Vade Mecum: administração pública, ciências contábeis, direito, economia, meio ambiente,” Rio de Janeiro: Mauad X, p. 344, 2007.

L. A. Gressler, Introdução à pesquisa. Edições Loyola, 2003. Direttiva 2002/96/CE del parlamento Europeo e del Consiglio del 27 gennaio 2003 sui rifiuti di apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche (RAEE), Gazzetta Ufficiale dell’Unione Europea, 13 febbraio 2003. Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment, WEEE. Official Journal of the European Union L, 197, 38-71. Eurostat (2018). Waste statistics - electrical and electronic equipment. Available:

M. Walls, M. Macauley, and S. Anderson, “Private markets, contracts, and government provision: What explains the organization of local waste and recycling markets?,” Urban Affairs Review, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 590-613, 2005.

M. Savage, S. Ogilvie, J. Slezak, E. Artim, J. Lindblom, and L. Delgado, “Implementation of waste electric and electronic equipment directive in EU 25,” European Commission, Brussels, 2006.

M. Dieste, A. F. Viagi, R. Panizzolo, and S. Biazzo, “A Comparison of Different Models for Collection of WEEE in Europe,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, vol. 8, no. 8, p. 591, 2017.

K. Sander, S. Schilling, N. Tojo, C. van Rossem, J. Vernon, and C. George, “The producer responsibility principle of the WEEE Directive,”Final Report, 2007.

J. Huisman, “2008 Review of Directive 2002/96 on Waste Electrical andElectronic Equipment (WEEE), Final Report,” http://ec. europa. eu/environment/waste/weee/pdf/final_rep_unu. pdf, 2008.

J. Ylä-Mella, K. Poikela, U. Lehtinen, R. L. Keiski, and E. Pongrácz, “Implementation of waste electrical and electronic equipment directive in Finland: evaluation of the collection network and challenges of the effective WEEE management,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling,vol. 86, pp. 38-46, 2014.

J. Ylä-Mella et al., “Overview of the WEEE Directive and its implementation in the Nordic countries: national realisations and best practices,” Journal of Waste Management, vol. 2014, 2014.

M. G. Araújo, A. Magrini, C. F. Mahler, and B. Bilitewski, “A model for estimation of potential generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Brazil,” Waste Management, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 335-342, 2012.

M. G. Araújo, A. Magrini, and C. F. Mahler, “Recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment, a case study: Brazil,” in Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives I: Springer, 2011, pp. 265-278.

F. O. Ongondo, I. D. Williams, and T. J. Cherrett, “How are WEEE doing? A global review of the management of electrical and electronic wastes,” Waste management, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 714-730, 2011.

G. C. de Oliveira Neto, A. d. J. C. Correia, and A. M. Schroeder, “Economic and environmental assessment of recycling and reuse of electronic waste: Multiple case studies in Brazil and Switzerland,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 127, pp. 42-55, 2017.

R. G. de Souza, J. C. N. Clímaco, A. P. Sant’Anna, T. B. Rocha, R. d. A. B. do Valle, and O. L. G. Quelhas, “Sustainability assessment and prioritisation of e-waste management options in Brazil,” Waste management, vol. 57, pp. 46-56, 2016.

J. M. H. Baenas, R. De Castro, R. A. G. Battistelle, and J. A. G. Junior, “A study of reverse logistics flow management in vehicle battery industries in the midwest of the state of São Paulo (Brazil),” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 19, no. 2-3, pp. 168-172, 2011.

A. Fernando and M. Jorge Jr, “Cost assessment and benefits of using RFID in reverse logistics of waste electrical & electronic equipment (WEEE),” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 55, pp. 688-697, 2015.

D. A. L. Silva, G. W. S. Renó, G. Sevegnani, T. B. Sevegnani, and O. M. S. Truzzi, “Comparison of disposable and returnable packaging: a case study of reverse logistics in Brazil,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 47, pp. 377-387, 2013.

M. M. Veiga, “Analysis of efficiency of waste reverse logistics for recycling,” Waste Management & Research, vol. 31, no. 10_suppl, pp. 26-34, 2013.

P. Dias, A. Machado, N. Huda, and A. M. Bernardes, “Waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) management: a study on the Brazilian recycling routes,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 174, pp. 7-16, 2018.

P. P. Gómez, B. L. Cutanda, and A. L. Muiña, “Real Decreto 110/2015, de 20 de febrero, sobre residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos: Análisis del nuevo modelo de responsabilidad ampliada del productor,”Diario La Ley, no. 8508, p. 1, 2015.

Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2014, n. 49. Attuazione della direttiva 2012/19/UE sui rifiuti di apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche (RAEE). Italia.

M. Pellegrino, “Meeting E-Waste Targets in Italy: an evaluation of the national WEEE management system,” IIIEE Masters Thesis, 2016.






Congressos - Fast track